The term eczema commonly implies dry, sensitive, itchy skin and is used for many chronic skin conditions. Eczema may be described by its appearance, cause or location.
- Atopic – typically inherited, often related to asthma and allergies. Usually starts in infants or childhood.
- Contact – generally related to contact with allergic substances or an irritant. Can generally be cured with avoidance, if possible.
- Xerotic/Asteatotic – eczema from dry skin, usually worse in winter and in older individuals.
- Seborrheic – generally on the scalp, face or ears and consists of red, scaly skin that is sometimes itchy (similar to dandruff or cradle cap)
- Dyshidrosis – generally on hands and feet, consists of small clear bumps, usually itchy and then dries out and cracks.
- Nummular (Discoid) – round, “coin-shaped”, red, dry patches. Often itchy and commonly on the lower legs
- Venous (Stasis) – associated with leg swelling and varicose veins, affects the lower legs and ankles with skin darkening, scaling, itching and can form ulcers
- Neurodermatitis (LSC) – itchy, thickened patch of skin that results from repeated scratching of rubbing of the skin